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How the new reforms will integrate CBC subjects.

How the new reforms will integrate CBC subjects.

As part of a new curriculum, the government will put recommendations to ease the load into practice by consolidating five elementary school topics.

Health education, home science, and integrated science will all be taught as a single subject in elementary school.

At the moment, the Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) offers social studies and living skills as separate courses. The curriculum’s developer is considering combining the two.

This is in response to the Presidential Working Group on Education Reforms’ recommendation to the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) that the number of academic specialties be reduced.

Lower primary will have seven topics instead of nine, upper primary will have eight instead of twelve, junior high will have nine instead of fourteen, and senior high will have five instead of seven.

According to Charles Ong’ondo, CEO of KICD, the subjects that would be united share ideas.

Prof. Ongondo claims that after meticulous examination, they found connections between particular concepts.

As a result, they started to consider merging these concepts, especially in the framework of integrated science and health education. Instead of preserving them as separate topics, the objective was to incorporate them into a single curriculum known as integrated science.

Home science and health education could be included in an integrated science curriculum at KICD, just like in primary schools.

Also read: An Explanation of Kenya’s New University Funding and School Fees Model

The ninth course, however, should be optional, according to the curriculum designer; the student’s aptitude will dictate the subject they select.

According to Ong’ondo, what once could have been compulsory will now be optional.

In January, junior secondary school students will take 14 subjects, of which 12 are required.

According to the KICD curriculum, students must attend 45 lessons each week for a total of four hours.

English, Kiswahili, Mathematics, Integrated Science, Health Education, Pre-Technical and Pre-Career Studies, Social Studies, Religion, Business, Agriculture, Life Skills Education, Physical Education/Sports, and Foreign Languages (German, French, and Mandarin) will also be available as optional courses in addition to the mother tongue.

An institute review team is currently reviewing the subject that will become optional.

Additionally, he noted that a team was currently deliberating at KICD to evaluate each junior high school course. They focused on determining which subjects might still be pursued on their own and which would eventually become electives.

According to him, whether a subject is made optional will largely depend on how many resources it requires.

The question of which subjects should be optional was influenced by the issue of resource availability.

He continued by saying that they were considering a number of subject areas that had a great deal of potential but might not be feasible to implement in all of the country’s schools at the moment.

Ong’ondo asserted that the suggested improvements won’t have a big impact on the learning areas because the CBC hasn’t yet moved to the senior secondary level.

He continued by saying that the seven topics the presidential team had suggested were included in the original list.

According to Ong’ondo, the content will be balanced when it is incorporated into the already-existing subjects, regardless of whether this will lessen the caliber of some subjects.

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